Dr. Michael Carpenter is Senior Director of the Penn Biden Center. Carpenter is a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense with responsibility for Russia, Ukraine, Eurasia, the Balkans, and Conventional Arms Control. Prior to joining the Department of Defense, Carpenter served in the White House as a foreign policy advisor to Vice President Biden and as Director for Russia at the National Security Council. Previously, he was a career Foreign Service Officer with the State Department, where he worked in a number of different positions, including Deputy Director of the Office of Russian Affairs, Speechwriter to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs, and Advisor on the South Caucasus. Carpenter also served abroad at the U.S. Embassies in Poland, Slovenia, and Barbados. During his career at the State Department, Carpenter received four Superior Honor Awards and three Meritorious Honor Awards. Carpenter holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California at Berkeley and a B.A. in International Relations from Stanford University. He was a Fulbright Scholar at the Polish Academy of Sciences and has received fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, MacArthur Foundation, and IREX Foundation for his academic research.