Day two of Georgia’s Defence and Security Conference referred to security architecture. The GDSC participants discussed security in the wider Black Sea region in two interactive sessions. IRI Office, Tbilisi, Resident Country Director Andrea Keerbs moderated the second session - Opportunities in the Wider Black Sea Region. Director of Geopolitics at the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security, Dr. Ariel Cohen, Director of EU Studies, Georgian Foundation For Strategic and International Studies (GFSIS) Kakha Gogolashvili, General Director for International Security Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey Amb. Basat Öztürk and Scholar at the Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University Lincoln Mitchell were the panelists. The panelists agreed that regional security is directly connected with economical development and sustainability. As Kakha Gogolashvili said, reduction of risks in the region will promote investment on the ground. He underlined that NATO should be more active in the region. Lincoln Mitchell stressed on Georgia’s strategic importance in the Black Sea region and outlined that regional stability is very essential. In this context he referred to the Georgia’s breakaway territories. Ambassador Basat Öztürk focused on the importance of Georgia’s geopolitical location. As he said, Georgia has to use its geopolitical location strategically and become attractive in the range of economy for such countries, as China is. Director of Geopolitics at the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security, Dr. Ariel Cohen also stressed on Georgia’s economical development and outlined that military threats hinder country’s economical development. “Without security there is no investment and discussions about investment was all very nice before 2008, but today we need to address challenges and threats the first and the opportunity today before Georgia, Ukraine and NATO countries, around the black sea and as well as the NATO key allies like the U.S. UK, friends from Germany is to create unified air and naval command, that will coordinate the military power in the region, that will integrate and make interoperable the military of all these states of the region and they allow for rotation of naval assets, because of Montro Treaty they will not stay permanently here and will have to rotate every 21 days. As turkey feels threatened by Russia, there is the chance for turkey of cooperation that did not exist before when Turkey and Russia tried to make condominium in the Black Sea that is over and the offensive nature of Russian deployment, long range of missiles , cruise ships, submarines and rockets suggests that Russia is deploying assets into the Mediterranean, from the Crimea and Black Sea area and continues to threaten Ukraine, Georgia, so NATO needs to have much higher level of unified command in the region”, stated Dr. Ariel Cohen.